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Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict
24 | April | 2021

Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed on a truce, negotiated with Russia, for peace in the Nagorno-Karabakh region, in an attempt to end the escalation of violence in a region whose sovereignty has been contested by the two countries for decades. The agreement is causing a political crisis in Armenia and reflects Azerbaijan's likely military Victory. Azerbaijan will maintain sovereignty over the conquered territories and restore Armenian-controlled provinces on the Nagorno-Karabakh border.



Resources | Opinions & Analysis | Editorials | News



Karabakh on the map: What Azerbaijan gains after war [12/11/2020]
Caucasian Knot

Ilham Aliyev addressed the nation [10/11/2020]
President of the Republic of Azerbaijan

Statement by Kamran Aliyev [04/10/2020]
Prosecutor General of the Republic of Azerbaijan

Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict
Global Conflict Tracker - Council on Foreign Relations

Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict
Global Conflict Tracker - Council on Foreign Relations

Armenia and Azerbaijan: The Conflict Explained
Andrew E. Kramer, New York Times

Why Are Armenia and Azerbaijan Heading to War? [28/09/2020]
James Palmer, Foreign Policy

Here are the 5 things you need to know about the deadly fighting in Nagorno Karabakh [06/04/2016]
Gerard Toal & John O'Loughlin, Monkey Cage/Washington Post


Opinions & Analysis


Genocide claims in Nagorno-Karabakh make peace between Armenia and Azerbaijan unlikely, despite cease-fire [13/11/2020]
Brian Grodsky, The Conversation

Russian President Putin Wins Upset Victory In Nagorno-Karabakh [13/11/2020]
Ezgi Yazici, ISW

The Nagorno-Karabakh Agreement and Its Outcomes: Reconfiguring Power in the South Caucasus [12/11/2020]
András Rácz, DGAP

Russia’s Stake in the Nagorno-Karabakh War: Accident or Design? [12/11/2020]
Dumitru Minzarari, SWP

Russia’s win in Nagorno-Karabakh is EU’s loss [12/11/2020]
Nicu Popescu, Politico

Haut-Karabakh – premières leçons d’une paix russo-turque [12/11/2020]
Michel Duclos, Institut Montaigne

Russia’s Peace Imposed on Armenia-Azerbaijan Bloodshed [12/11/2020]
Laurence Broers, Chatham House

Winners, Losers and Absentees in Nagorno Karabakh [11/11/2020]
Nathalie Tocci & Nona Mikhelidze, IAI

A Precarious Peace for Karabakh [11/11/2020]
Thomas de Waal, Carnegie Moscow Center

Azerbaijan’s victory in Karabakh [11/11/2020]
Muhittin Ataman, Daily Sabah

Getting from Ceasefire to Peace in Nagorno-Karabakh [10/11/2020]
International Crisis Group

Putin Gains and Loses From Caucasus Cease-Fire [10/11/2020]
John Herbst, Atlantic Council

Another Fraught Peace Is Brokered in Nagorno Karabakh. What Now? [10/11/2020]
Ivan Preobrazhensky, Riddle

Turquie et Russie dessinent le monde de demain [10/11/2020]
Luis Lema, Le Temps

Putin gains and loses from Armenia-Azerbaijan ceasefire deal [10/11/2020]
John E. Herbst, Atlantic Council

Russia leaves little room for Turkey in Azeri-Armenian truce [10/11/2020]
Metin Gurcan, Al Monitor

The Problem with the Nagorno-Karabakh Ceasefire Agreement [10/11/2020]
Michael Rubin, National Interest

Armenia and Azerbaijan Should Seize Chance for Peace [31/10/2020]
Matthew Bryza, Atlantic Council

Russia and Turkey in Nagorno-Karabakh: A Recipe for Long-Term Instability [30/10/2020]
Anna Borshchevskaya, Middle East Institute

Russia’s Limited Options Around Nagorno-Karabakh [28/10/2020]
Emil Avdaliani, CEPA

Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is heading to the point of no return [27/10/2020]
Carey Cavanaugh, Financial Times

Is There a Peace Plan for Karabakh? [27/10/2020]
Ivan Preobrazhensky, Riddle

No Compromise in Sight for Armenia and Azerbaijan [26/10/2020]
Thomas de Waal, Foreign Affairs

Armenia’s military position in Nagorno-Karabakh grows precarious [24/10/2020]
Michael Kofman, Eurasianet

Moscou bousculé par les tensions qui divisent son « jardin » post-soviétique [23/10/2020]
Benjamin Quenelle, Les Echos

War in the Caucasus: What happens without US leadership — but a chance to get it right [20/10/2020]
Stephen Blank, The Hill

Can Russia Steer the Nagorno-Karabakh Endgame? [20/10/2020]
Asbed Kotchikian, World Politics Review

There is no military solution for the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict [19/10/2020]
Carey Cavanaugh, Al Jazeera

The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Increasingly deadly and destabilising  [16/10/2020]
Marianne Hanson, The Interpreter

Humanitarian Crisis Unfolds In and Around Nagorny Karabakh [16/10/2020]
Laurence Broers, Chatham House

Why is Turkey absent from table despite being in field? [15/10/2020]
Fehim Tastekin, Al Monitor

Iran's Worst Nightmare [14/10/2020]
Alex Vatanka, Foreign Policy

The 2nd Nagorno-Karabakh War, 2 Weeks in [14/10/2020]
Michael Kofman & Leonid Nersisyan, War on the Rocks

Watching the war in Nagorno-Karabakh, I think of my Armenian ancestors fleeing their home [14/10/2020]
Anoosh Chakelian New Statesman

With Friends Like Erdogan... [13/10/2020]
Cordelia Buchanan Ponczek, CEPA

Erdogan Seeks To Upend Kremlin-Backed Status Quo In Nagorno-Karabakh [12/10/2020]
Mason Clark & Ezgi Yazici, ISW

A Little War With Big Consequences in the Caucasus [11/10/2020]
Hal Brands, Japan Times

Armenia-Azerbaijan ceasefire revives “Basic Principles” and demonstrates Putin’s continued Sway [10/10/2020]
Matthew Bryza, Atlantic Council

Without the U.S., there will be no peace between Armenia and Azerbaijan [09/10/2020]
Jason Rezaian, Washington Post

“Diplomacy of attrition”: How will the Russia-Turkey stand-off in Nagorno-Karabakh play out? [09/10/2020]
Maxim A. Suchkov, MEI

Between a rock and hard place: Iran's Dilemma in Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict [09/10/2020]
Ali Hashem, Al-Monitor

What Negotiations Over Nagorno-Karabakh Could Look Like [09/10/2020]
Lara Setrakian, Foreign Policy

The Caucasus Burns While Europe Struggles [08/10/2020]
Thomas De Waal, Carenegie Europe

Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict Could Spiral Out of Control  [08/10/2020]
Lara Setrakian, New York Times

Is Turkey’s Military Overstretched? [08/10/2020]
Allison Meakem, Foreign Policy

Turkey is using Syrian rebels as pawns in Azerbaijan [08/10/2020]
Kareem Shaheen, The National

Nagorno-Karabakh: What Is Peace? [07/10/2020]
Marina Nagai & Sophia Pugsley, EurasiaNet

Caucasus Clash Could Endanger Israeli Oil Imports [06/10/2020]
Simon Henderson, Washington Institute

«Que cherche Erdogan dans le Caucase?» [06/10/2020]
Renaud Girard, Le Figaro

Armenia’s Defeat is Democracy’s Defeat [05/10/2020]
Areg Galstyan, National Interest

Why the Stakes in the Nagorno-Karabakh War Are So Much Higher This Time Round [05/10/2020]
Domitilla Sagramoso, Moscow Times

Nagorno-Karabakh: Will the Landscape Change following the Latest Unrest? [05/10/2020]
Nana Gegelashvili, RIAC

Can America Stop a Wider War Between Armenia and Azerbaijan? [05/10/2020]
Svante E. Cornell, National Interest

Nagorno-Karabakh: Will the Landscape Change following the Latest Unrest? [05/10/2020]
Nana Gegelashvili, RIAC

Is Peace Possible Between Armenia and Azerbaijan? [03/10/2020]
Judy Dempsey, Carnegie Europe

Armenia-Azerbaijan War: Military Dimensions of the Conflict [02/10/2020]
Michael Kofman, Russia Matters

Uncomfortable Conversations: Moscow and the Rival Legal Claims over Nagorno-Karabakh [02/10/2020]
Paul Fisher, Riddle

Why did the Armenia-Azerbaijan peace process just fail? [02/10/2020]
Elkhan Nuriyev, EU Observer

Crisis in the Caucasus: how Nagorno-Karabakh poses a challenge for Nato [02/10/2020]
Ido Vock, New Statesman

Why Armenia and Azerbaijan Are on the Brink of War [01/10/2020]
Jeffrey Mankoff, Foreign Affairs

No peacemakers for the new/old Caucasian war: Understanding the Armenia-Azerbaijan clash [30/09/2020]
Pavel K. Baev, RIAC

Nagorno-Karabakh: What to Expect from Russia? [30/09/2020]
Ivan Preobrazhensky, Riddle

Escalating violence in Nagorno-Karabakh: Local solutions offer the main hope [30/09/2020]
Ian Anthony, SIPRI

War in the Caucasus Will Draw in Russia and Turkey [30/09/2020]
James Stavridis, Bloomberg

Erdogan is in danger of overreaching with foreign interventions [30/09/2020]
David Gardner, Financial Times

Nagorno-Karabakh: Flare-Up, or All-Out War? [29/09/2020]
Sergei Markedonov, The Moscow Times

US power vacuum risks escalating violence in Armenia-Azerbaijan [29/09/2020]
Thomas De Waal, Politico

Eruption of Conflict Over Nagorno-Karabakh [28/09/2020]
Carey Cavanaugh, CFR

Nagorno-Karabakh: Why Turkey Is Sending Syrian Mercenaries To War In Azerbaijan [27/09/2020]
Adam Lammon, National Interest

Russia and Turkey may fill in the diplomatic vacuum on Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict [27/08/2020]
Matthew Bryza, Atlantic Council 


A Quick End to a Dangerous War [20/11/2020]
New York Times

La nouvelle complexité de la crise du Haut-Karabakh [26/10/2020]
Le Monde

Crisis in Caucasus: On Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh [14/10/2020]
The Hindu

The Observer view on Nagorno-Karabakh [11/10/2020]
The Observer

Why “America First” makes wars in other places more likely [10/10/2020]
The Economist

The Trouble in the South Caucasus Extends Far Beyond One Small Enclave [08/10/2020]
New York Times

In the South Caucasus, the threat of war [07/10/2020]
Los Angeles Times

Erdogan’s reckless intervention is fueling fighting in Azerbaijan and Armeniav [03/10/2020]
Washington Post

Turkey’s empire-building ambitions and Nagorno-Karabakh: a complex conflict [02/10/2020]
Morning Star

Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict Is Russia’s Problem to Solve [01/10/2020]

Nagorno-Karabakh: new interests in an old conflict [01/10/2020]
The Guardian

Conflict in the Caucasus [30/09/2020]
Financial Times

Stop Turkey Inflaming the Nagorno-Karabakh Dispute [29/09/2020]
Times of London


In Nagorno-Karabakh Peace Deal, Putin Applied a Deft New Touch [24/04/2021]
Anton Troianovski & Carlotta Gall, New York Times

Over 50,600 refugees return to Nagorno-Karabakh - Russian defense ministry [24/01/2021]

Armenia counts 3439 its perished people in Nagorno-Karabakh [21/01/2021]
Caucasian Knot

Patrimoine : l'Unesco propose l'envoi d'une mission au Nagorny Karabakh [24/11/2020]
Le Figaro

Armenian forces in Nagorno-Karabakh mourn a lost war but doubt that peace will last [23/11/2020]
Liz Cookman & Robyn Dixon, Washington Post

Haut Karabakh : Macron apporte son soutien à la communauté arménienne [22/11/2020]
Le Figaro

Nagorno-Karabakh: Azerbaijan troops begin retaking land from Armenia [20/11/2020]
Andrew Roth, The Guardian

Armenia Appoints New Defense Minister After Nagorno-Karabakh Cease-Fire [20/11/2020]

A Fragile Peace in Nagorno-Karabakh Leaves Russia and Turkey in Charge—For Now [19/11/2020]
John Irish, Reuters

The anatomy of a ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh [19/11/2020]
Jérôme Sessini, Politico

Putin warns Armenia backing out of Nagorno-Karabakh deal would be 'suicidal' [18/11/2020]
Andrew Roth, The Guardian

Azerbaijan extends deadline on Armenian withdrawal in Kalbajar [16/11/2020]
The National

Erdogan says Turkey, Russia to monitor Karabakh ceasefire [11/11/2020]

Armenia's democracy needs EU lifeline after war ends [13/11/2020]
Lara Setrakian, EU Observer

U.S., French diplomats expected in Moscow for Karabakh talks: Russia [12/11/2020]

Anti-Government Protests Continue In Yerevan Amid Fury Over Karabakh Peace Deal [12/11/2020]

Azerbaijan’s drones owned the battlefield in Nagorno-Karabakh — and showed future of warfare [11/11/2020]
Robyn Dixon, Washington Post

Who Really Won in the South Caucasus? [11/11/2020]
Amberin Zaman, Al Monitor

What Does the Nagorno-Karabakh Deal Mean for Russia? [11/11/2020]
Leyla Latypova & Daniil Galaydov, Moscow Times

Armenian Government Warns Opposition Against 'Coup Attempt' Ahead Of Planned Protest [11/11/2020]
Lilit Harutiunian, RFE

Azerbaijan's military success paved way for Nagorno-Karabakh peace deal, Aliyev says [10/11/2020]
Daily Sabah

Nagorno-Karabakh peace deal reshapes regional geopolitics [10/11/2020]
Andrew Roth & Michael Safi, The Guardian

In Bitter Nagorno-Karabakh War, a Reordering of Regional Powers [10/11/2020]
Anton Troianovski, New York Times

Armenians Rage Against Last-Minute Peace Deal [10/11/2020]
Liz Cookman, Foreign Policy

Armenian President Sarkassian says he learned about Nagorno-Karabakh deal over news [10/11/2020]
Daily Sabah

Leader of Nagorno-Karabakh says ceasefire with Azerbaijan was unavoidable [10/11/2020]

Azerbaijan Celebrates 'Victory,' Armenia In Crisis After Nagorno-Karabakh Deal [10/11/2020]
Ron Synovitz, RFE

As Guns Fall Silent In Nagorno-Karabakh, There's One Winner In The Conflict You Might Not Expect [10/11/2020]
Mike Eckel, RFE

Russian Peacekeepers Deploy To Nagorno-Karabakh After Truce As Political Crisis Hits Armenia [10/11/2020]

Haut-Karabakh : Vladimir Poutine scelle la défaite d’Erevan après l’accord de « cessez-le-feu total » entre l’Arménie et l’Azerbaïdjan [10/11/2020]
Rémy Ourdan, Le Monde

Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia sign Nagorno-Karabakh peace deal [10/11/2020]

Armenia Surrenders to Azerbaijan [09/11/2020]

Azerbaijan admits shooting down Russian helicopter in Armenia [09/11/2020]

Azerbaijan 'takes key town' in Armenia conflict [09/11/2020]

Facing Military Debacle, Armenia Accepts a Deal in Nagorno-Karabakh War [09/11/2020]
Andrew E. Kramer, New York Times

Turkey, Russia intensify talks for Nagorno-Karabakh conflict [08/11/2020]
Hurriyet Daily News

Fears of civilian exodus rise as Azerbaijan advances in Karabakh [08/11/2020]
Joshua Kucera, Eurasia Net

Putin, Macron Discuss Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict As Armenia Claims Key Stronghold Shelled [07/11/2020]

Azerbaijani Forces Close In On Nagorno-Karabakh's 'Unassailable' Mountain Fortress City [05/11/2020]
Ron Synovitz, RFE

The humanitarian fallout of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict [05/11/2020]
Andrew Connelly, The New Humanitarian

France Condemns Turkey's 'Declarations Of Violence' [05/11/2020]

Kremlin spokesman declines to speculate about peacekeeping mission in Nagorno-Karabakh [30/10/2020]

'This Is A Different War': Nagorno-Karabakh Refugee Shudders At Video Showing Neighbors' Execution [30/10/2020]
Ron Synovitz & Harutyun Mansuryan, RFE

Armenians mobilize to support troops in Karabakh war, as ceasefires fail [29/10/2020]
Andrew Connelly, PRI

Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Missile strike on Azeri town kills 21 civilians [28/10/2020]

Small outpost is Russia’s first visible aid to Armenia [28/10/2020]
Ani Mejlumyan, Eurasianet

Drones and missiles tilt war with Armenia in Azerbaijan’s favour [27/10/2020]
Henry Foy, Financial Times

Roots of War: When Armenia Talked Tough, Azerbaijan Took Action [27/10/2020]
Carlotta Gall, New York Times

Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: US-brokered ceasefire frays soon after starting [26/10/2020]

Disinformation spreads amid Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict [26/10/2020]
Christopher Giles and Upasana Bhat, BBC

South Caucasus death toll much worse than feared [23/10/2020]
Andrew Rettman, EU Observer

Nagorno-Karabakh: Nearly 5,000 dead in conflict, Putin says [22/10/2020]

Armenian president to discuss Nagorno-Karabakh with EU, NATO [21/10/2020]

Azerbaijan continues advance deeper into Armenian-held territory [21/10/2020]
Joshua Kucera, Eurasianet

Turquie. Le conflit du Karabakh nourrit la rancœur contre l’Europe [19/10/2020]
Laura Maï Gaveriaux, Orient XXI

Nagorno-Karabakh: Armenia-Azerbaijan truce broken minutes after deal [18/10/2020]

On the Front Lines of Brutal War in the Caucasus [18/10/2020]
Anton Troianovski, New York Times

Armenia and Azerbaijan say they have agreed Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire [17/10/2020]

Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Armenian PM admits significant casualties [14/10/2020]

Humanitarian Crisis Feared as Nagorno-Karabakh Cease-Fire Buckles [13/10/2020]
Nvard Hovhannisyan & Nailia Bagirova, Reuters

Shelling destroys Russia's Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire [12/10/2020]
Andrew Rettman, EU Observer

Nagorno-Karabakh: old tensions behind renewed fighting [12/10/2020]

Haut-Karabakh : l’Arménie et l’Azerbaïdjan s’accusent mutuellement de violer le cessez-le-feu [10/10/2020]
Le Monde

Armenian diaspora rushes to Nagorno-Karabakh to back troops [09/10/2020]
Gabrielle Tétrault-Farber, Reuters

Turkey creating ‘another Syria in Caucasus’, says Armenia president [09/10/2020]
Financial Times

Turkey’s armed drones bolster Erdogan’s hard-power tactics [07/10/2020]
Financial Times

Russia, France, U.S. Reiterate Call For Cease-Fire In Nagorno-Karabakh As Fighting Escalates Into Cities [05/10/2020]

NATO chief calls for Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire [05/10/2020]

Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Major cities hit as heavy fighting continues [04/10/2020]

France's Macron proposes new talks on Nagorno-Karabakh [02/10/2020]

Nagorno-Karabakh conflict reignites with worst clashes in decades [02/10/2020]
Financial Times

Nagorno-Karabakh: Armenia says ready to work towards ceasefire [02/10/2020]
Al Jazeera

France accuses Turkey's ally of starting recent warfare [02/10/2020]
Andrew Rettman, EU Observer

Putin, Macron call for Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire as deaths mount [01/10/2020]
Al Jazeera

France's Macron says situation is serious in Nagorno-Karabakh [01/10/2020]

Russia says it and Turkey urge end to hostilities in Nagorno-Karabakh [01/10/2020]
Michael Safi, The Guardian

France accuses Turkey of sending Syrian jihadists to Nagorno-Karabakh [01/10/2020]
John Irish, Michel Rose, Reuters

Azerbaijan, Armenia reject talks as Karabakh conflict widens [30/09/2020]
Al Jazeera

Haut-Karabakh : le Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU réclame un « arrêt immédiat des combats » [30/09/2020]
Le Monde

Azerbaijan, Armenia no closer to ending clashes after 4 days [30/09/2020]
Avet Demourian, Associatred Press

As fighting rages, what is Azerbaijan’s goal? [29/09/2020]
Joshua Kucera, EurasiaNet

Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Germany's Merkel urges ceasefire as violence escalates [29/09/2020]

Armenia and Azerbaijan allege attacks outside Nagorno-Karabakh [29/09/2020]

Michael Safi, The Guardian

Turkey’s Role Complicates Latest Flareup in Caucasus [29/09/2020]
Henry Foy & Laura Pitel, Financial Times

Fighting Between Armenia and Azerbaijan Risks Drawing in Bigger Powers [28/09/2020]
Andrew E. Kramer, New York Times

Why you should care about conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan [28/09/2020]
Al Jazeera

Armenia and Azerbaijan inch closer to war as both sides declare martial law amid deadly clashes [28/09/2020]
Sam Hancock & Andy Gregory, The Independent

Caucasus warfare prompts EU alarm [28/09/2020]
Andrew Rettman, EU Observer

Armenian PM warns ‘aggressive’ Turkey to stay out of Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, says hostilities could spill over regional borders [27/09/2020]

Turkey vows support to Azerbaijan in dispute with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh [27/09/2020]
The News

New fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan threatens to reignite 30-year-old conflict [27/09/2020]
Robyn Dixon, Washington Post

Armenia and Azerbaijan Are On the Brink of War—And Washington Is Worried [14/07/2020]
Matthew Petti, National Interest

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